0 of 6 questions completed
You have already completed the quiz before. Hence you can not start it again.
Quiz is loading…
You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz.
You must first complete the following:
0 of 6 questions answered correctly
Time has elapsed
You have reached 0 of 0 point(s), (0)
Earned Point(s): 0 of 0, (0)
0 Essay(s) Pending (Possible Point(s): 0)
I just want to you that we are meeting at my place at 4.00. Mary is coming, too. She says she needs help with her Maths. (Example)
By the way, can you the calculator I you last week? We might need it. And try not to be late this time.
I’d like to finish our homework the basketball match starts at 7.00. Shall we watch it together?
We could call Express Meals for to eat. I am sure Peter will join us.
Well, that’s all for now. See you this afternoon.
Mary Johnson grew up on a farm in Scotland. (Example)
Alfred Hitchcock was born in London in 1899. (Example)
Mision to Mars
0. On 3rd June 2010 an international crew of six astronauts entered a space ship and prepared themselves for a 520 day voyage to the planet Mars and back. The module that was to be their home for the next year and a half contained their sleeping quarters, a kitchen/dining room, a living room, a control room and a toilet. There was also space for food storage, a small greenhouse, a bathroom, a sauna and even a gym. The Mars landing was scheduled for 12th February 2011, following a 255-day flight, and would involve a full two days of exploration of the planet surface. An equally long return journey would see the astronauts return to earth on 4th November 2011. (Example)
1. Emerging from the spaceship after an exhausting 520 days, Russian commander Alexei Sitev declared the mission finally over. “The programme has been fully carried out,” he announced at a press conference. “All the crew members are in good health. We are now ready for further tests.” Indeed, the general consensus in the scientific community was that the Mars 500 project had achieved its aims, and, what is more, the crew had managed to complete their mission without ever having to leave the Earth’s atmosphere.
2. Mars 500 was, in fact, a simulation exercise. The astronauts never even left the ground and their space ship was a specially constructed working model situated in a warehouse in the suburbs of Moscow. The aims of the mission were to see how well humans could cope with the confinement and stress involved in extended interplanetary travel. The astronauts – three Russians, a Frenchman, an Italian and a Chinese national – were volunteers for the project, and, although all of them had the option of leaving their 550 cubic meter living space at any time, none of them chose to do so.
3. All communications between the crew and mission control were subject to a twenty minute delay to simulate the time it would take signals to reach the earth from outer space. Although not all the elements of space flight – such as the effects of zero gravity – could be reproduced, the conditions on board were made as realistic as possible. The astronauts breathed recycled air, showered only once every ten days and lived mostly on a diet of tinned food. Even the surface of Mars had been recreated to allow the crew the simulated experience of walking on the red planet.
4. In addition to the discomforts of living in a confined space, the astronauts also had to endure the psychological stresses brought about by isolation and boredom. Scientific studies have already shown that extended periods of social isolation can disrupt the normal mechanisms of the body. This can lead to increased levels of stress and higher blood pressure, which, in turn, can create feelings of anxiety and aggression. The astronauts were subject to regular medical tests throughout the experiment and they were under constant observation via a twenty-four hour closed-circuit television system. The tests continued even after the men had completed their mission as the scientists were interested to see how the astronauts would cope with a return to normal life.
5. The data collected by the experiment is further evidence that human beings are capable of overcoming the pressures of long space flight that will be necessary if future exploration of planets is to be feasible. Although there is resistance in some quarters to investment in space exploration, some scientists believe that our future lies in the stars. With the world’s population exceeding seven billion and showing no sign of slowing down, future generations may be forced to seek out new worlds beyond our own increasingly overcrowded planet.
6. Although the dry and dusty landscape of Mars may not be the most suitable spot for future habitation, there are other planets that could sustain human life. To date about 700 planets with similarities to Earth have been identified outside our own solar system, and about 15 of these are potentially habitable. The most recent to be discovered – Kepler 22-b – has a surface temperature of about 22°C and orbits a star not unlike our own sun. Scientists believe that it may even contain water. However, although it may seem like a good candidate for a future space colony, it is 600 light years away, and so it is likely to remain beyond human reach for many generations to come.
Choose one word from the list for each gap. The first one is done for you.
I just want to (0) remind you that we are meeting at my place at 4.00. Mary is coming, too. She says she needs help with her Maths.
By the way, can you (1) the calculator I (2) you last week? We might need it. And try not to be late this time.
I’d like to finish our homework (3) the basketball match starts at 7.00. Shall we watch it together?
We could call Express Meals for (4) to eat. I am sure Peter will (5) join us.
Well, that’s all for now. See you this afternoon.
0. recall remind remember
1. take have bring
2. lent borrowed rented
3. after earlier before
4. anything nothing something
5. also too besides
My mother bought me a microwave oven recently. I couldn’t believe it – like me, she was never very keen on modern technology and there she was, buying me a microwave. I live on my own in a one-bedroomed flat and it just about fits into the corner of my tiny kitchen. I have to admit, it’s extremely handy, particularly as I don’t have a great deal of time to cook when I get home from work. I virtually depend on it now.
Like most people we have our fair share of appliances. I couldn’t imagine living without a freezer or a washing machine; and who hasn’t got a cooker or a fridge nowadays? | know people had to cope without these things 40 or 50 years ago, but the world was a different place then, wasn’t it? Everything’s so much faster now, and in some families men and women work just as many hours as each other away from home. We couldn’t do that and bring up children without the support of all these labour-saving devices.
First of all, of course, we got a PC, partly because it’s so useful for work, but also, I suppose, because everyone else seemed to have one. That was fine for a couple of years, but then the kids took it over with their computer games, so we got ourselves a laptop for our own exclusive use. It doesn’t take up much room, and being portable we can use it in any part of the house. After that, we just couldn’t help ourselves every time a new piece of technology came out; a palm top or personal organizer, a digital video camera, a video mobile phone – we just had to have it. And the more things we buy, of course, the more we want.
We’re a bit too old for all this technology. A friend of ours says we should be on the Internet but I can’t see why, and to be honest I’d be too scared to use it. It’s all too fast for me. In the old days everything used to be so much more simple and people seemed to spend a lot more time chatting to each other. That’s one of the things I miss in this technological world.